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Lamps

There is a large variety of lamps, each used for different applications. The most common families are described below in terms of performance, applications, power range, colour temperature, colour rendering index (CRI), luminous efficacy and lifetime. Energy-efficient alternatives are identified by 

List per family
List per type of application
 
Incandescent Lamps (definition)
    Tungsten Standard Lamps (definition)
         General Lighting Service
         Reflector
    Tungsten Halogen Lamps (definition)
         Line-Voltage
         Very-Low Voltage
Fluorescent Lamps (definition)
    Linear Fluorescent Lamps (definition)
         38mm-diameter (T12)
         26mm-diameter (T8)
         16mm-diameter (T5)
    Compact Fluorescent Lamps (definition)
         Integral (self-ballasted)
         Dedicated (pin-based)
    Induction Lamps (definition)
         Fitting-based
         Self-ballasted
Other Discharge Lamps (definition)
   Metal Halide Lamps
    High Pressure Mercury Lamps (definition)
         Standard
            Blended lamp
    High Pressure Sodium Lamps (definition)
         Standard
         "White sodium”
   Low Pressure Sodium Lamps
Other Lamps
   Light-Emitting Diodes
   Microwave Lamps